What are they and what are the steps for their limitation?
Equilibrium of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere is the basis to prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate. In the second half of the twentieth century was collected, enough evidence for the linkage between industrial emissions and global warming. Therefore, in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed.
With its adoption was the beginning of a continuous process of review, discussion and exchange of information between the parties. It allows for the adoption of additional measures in response to changes in scientific views and political will, of the parties.
Already, eighteen years the international community is committed to initiatives against global warming. They seek imposition of a new model of social behavior that leads to limiting the adverse effects of human activities on the environment. It is believed that this will reduce the damage that accelerated climate change made on the world economy.
Global efforts are focused on emitters, since the accumulation of these substances in the atmosphere is considered a major cause of global warming and accelerated climate change. To be linked to specific commitments on the issue, the sources of such emissions are identified on the interstate, industrial, sectoral and individual level.
At the beginning of 2010 in force a number of international agreements that commit the majority of the world with national targets for reducing greenhouse gases by specific amounts. They in turn are split between plants and agents in the country. The ultimate goal of global efforts against global warming is measured in achievement of the concentration of greenhouse emissions in the atmosphere and the stabilization of this ratio for a possible longer period of time.
To fulfill the tasks, participants in these initiatives are faced with the need to undertake radical reforms in their activities. Main tasks are reduced to increase the energy efficiency of facilities to improve efficiency and reduce exhaust emissions of greenhouse fumes. A necessary condition for any of these situations is to maintain growth in the country, industry or business. In most cases this is done through capital investments and new technologies.