The increased robotics of the production, supply, consumption and reporting of energy demands, and more productive interfaces and protocols for the distribution of messages. The remote control and management of processes, which require transmission of audio and video information and large data files that are compressed even contain a significant amount of information and occupy bandwidth. This requires high-performance interfaces and protocols to exchange information. Multimedia products penetrated widely in the industry and also placed higher demands on exchange protocols. Networks based on Internet and TCP / IP and entered into energy. Videoconferencing is now established as a method for obtaining real-time advice from leading professionals in making fast and immediate solutions. This experience has a necessity for rapid exchange of large amounts of information.
Broadly speaking, in many parts of the world energy systems are very classic, and this means and simpler. They have not changed very much in technology since their creation, even if they have undergone multiple expansions. The development of embedded electronic and microelectronic technologies during the last thirty years has created prerequisites for changing this situation. On the other hand the change in the way both production and consumption of electricity set requirements for increasing intelligence, or more often called “smart.” Besides, this requires the creation and management of smarter energy system or so-called Smart Grid.
One of the first devices developed and introduced into service to create a smart grid, smart meters are the consumed electricity for the population. Their primary goal is to provide detailed information on energy consumption, both the consumer and the supplier and the manufacturer. Some of these devices have the ability to include and exclude consumers under certain conditions such as prolonged non-payment of bills, fires and natural disasters and other emergencies.