The electric cars are still a small niche in today’s automotive market. They are expected to quickly enter into service due to significant advances in production technologies, refueling and servicing of batteries, both because of a more developing infrastructure. It is certain that in the coming years more and more vehicles will be in electric mode. Electric vehicles promise many benefits for small and large cities, among which is very low to zero emissions, and a strong noise reduction.
The change to electric cars is not a simple replacement of the internal combustion engine, moreover, it is a powerful battery and electric motor. Before the electric vehicles can reveal their full potential that they offer, there is a need to build a comprehensive strategy. The entry in the market can be accelerated only if you remove the current technological and economic barriers and if they develop adequate infrastructure for charging and adopting a new style of mobility for potential customers. There is a need for development of new concepts and technologies in order to make electric vehicles suitable for individual and social mobility and transport of goods in urban areas and longer distances.
The future traffic and its challenges can’t be conclusive for the future. Electrification of the vehicle transportation system is one possible answer. Therefore, there is a need to develop new concepts and technologies to realize effective electric vehicles. Electrification will most likely end with the creation of conceptually new electric vehicles powered by batteries or hydrogen fuel cells. Hydrogen fuel cell (FCV) and battery electric vehicles use similar technology in the drive, and thus have much in common in the development of components for propulsion systems, such as high voltage electric drive and battery technologies. In contrast to hydrogen fuel cell, filling stations for electric cars can be built on the existing infrastructure for distribution of electricity, which by the way must be adapted and expanded.